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With over 400 different models and types of cars accessible, today's car market offers a wide range of choices.

People can purchase many different types of cars based on their requirements. These include hatchbacks, microcars, limousines, sedans, coupes, SUVs, convertibles, and many others. Cars are also classified based on their body type, size, fuel type, and so on.

The easiest way to distinguish and identify a car is by its appearance. When you see a vehicle on the street, the first thing you notice is its form or body style. If you’re into cars, you might want to know how many types exist. Vehicles are categorized into various subcategories and require comprehensive research before making any purchase decisions.

While the world of automobiles and the technical jargon that they carry can be difficult to comprehend,we have experience working with various types of cars over the years. We understand all of the unique models that exist today. Our experts have put together this detailed guide to help you get acquainted with the different types of cars in the market.

Table of Contents

Types of Cars

Cars have captivated the imagination of people worldwide since their introduction in the late nineteenth century. They are used to navigate around cities, drive between provinces and states, and serve as a prominent type of sport on racing circuits.

Throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, automobiles have been developed in various designs and sizes. They are available in almost every size and have undergone several changes over the years. Their core function, though, remains the same. Most individuals consider buying a car a major purchase in their lives even today.

It would be much simpler to understand the various aspects of different cars by fitting them into different categories according to their type. However, it can also lead to misunderstandings. Regardless of how important the classification is, it should not prevent us from comprehending a car's particular value and characteristics. With that in mind, let's look at the most prevalent types of cars with a few examples.


If you're searching for a luxurious vehicle, a limousine is an excellent option. The features of these cars are meant to meet all of the glamourous requirements. The outside is stylish, and the interior features opulent compartments, making it one of the most expensive vehicles. These cars have a separate area for the driver and a separate zone for the passengers, with a wall separating the two. Some of the limousines in production include the Toyota Century, Hyundai Equus limousine, Great Wall hover, and Chrysler 300 limousine.


Convertibles, pony cars, sports saloons, grand tourers, hot hatches, and other forms of sports automobiles are available on the market. Convertibles and Cabriolets are two examples of opulent vehicles. It has the ability to be changed into an open-air vehicle, which makes it more accessible. However, significant advancements have been made thanks to modern technology. Automatic Electrical or hydraulic actuators are used in some convertibles, making everything more straightforward. Some well-known convertibles include the Volvo C 70, Mazda MX-5, BMW M 3, Honda S 200, and Ferrari California.

Economy Car

An economy car is one that is often affordable to a large number of people. These are designed to satisfy the demands of people who fall under the middle-income group. It also has the benefit of lower operating costs and lower CO2 emissions. Microcar is a well-known example of an economy car. Microcars are a cross between a motorcycle and an automobile. These vehicles typically feature 1-liter engines and seats for two passengers.

Microcars are available in three-wheel and four-wheel configurations. Such vehicles are popular in Europe, where they are known as bubble cars. These microcars are now powered by electricity, thanks to technological advancements. Tata Nano, Isetta, and other automobiles are examples of this type.

City Automobiles

The ideal places to use city automobiles are in urban areas. Compared to microcars, these vehicles are significantly safer, faster, and have more capacity. These cars are made in such a way that they can easily attain highway speeds; however, they should not be utilized for that purpose because it is dangerous.

In Japan, city automobiles are known as Kei cars, and Japan is the only country that employs them. Some of the best examples of city automobiles are the Suzuki Cervo, Honda Life, and Fiat Panda.


Hatchbacks are perfect for customers who desire a car with more seating capacity and extra boot room to store their belongings. These cars are substantially larger and have far more capability than the little cars now on the market. The hatchbacks are available with four or five doors in several variants.

These cars are created in such a way that they have a two-box design and a much more adaptable interior. These vehicles, which are highly common in Asian countries, have a shared compartment for people and goods.


SUVs are short for Sports Utility Vehicles. It is designed for extended journeys and is made to travel vast distances to another city or state. It has a high ride height and a boxy appearance, allowing passengers to glance around more easily. It is built on a ladder frame chassis, which is common in trucks.

Every country uses these vehicles differently, and there are many distinct definitions of SUVs available worldwide. The design of these cars has been done so that they are mostly used for off-road reasons. SUVs have a boxy, upright body shape with higher ground clearance. The style of these SUVs is distinct and elegant, making them a fashion statement for many. Land Rover Discovery, Jeep Patriot, Toyota FJ Cruiser, and others are some of the top-selling SUVs in the market.


Sedans have a powerful engine and are commonly utilized as a family vehicle. These three-box automobiles are known for having distinct spaces for the engine, passenger, and cargo, as well as a huge trunk for luggage storage and comfy seats, making them the greatest choice for a family. Notchback, Sedanette, Hardtop, Fastback, Close-coupled, Club, and Convertible are different examples of sedans available in the market.

Sports Car

Sports cars, by definition, are two-seater convertibles with a sporty style and the ability to drive in the open air. Automakers have integrated exceptional qualities into their sports cars, such as quick maneuverability, outstanding acceleration, and excellent handling, which contribute considerably to their massive amount of power and exhilarating ride.

The Coupe

The word "coupe" conjures up ideas of a two-door sedan with a trunk and a fixed roof. The vehicle's most interesting feature is its sloping roofline, which gives it a more sleek, sporty appearance. A coupe is generally laden with extra whistles and bells, from sharp handling to hundreds of horsepower, despite its appearance. The Kia Forte Koup is an example of a coupe.


The size of the cabin area is frequently prioritized over the size of the storage space in minivans. It's commonly linked with family automobiles and station wagons. It was designed to accommodate a full family. It has a lot of cargo room, but not nearly as much as the hatchback.

Crossover (CUV)

It's incredibly easy to mix up an SUV and a CUV. However, their functions are quite different. The chassis is the key point of differentiation in this case. The SUV's ladder frame chassis is similar to those found in trucks. On the other hand, the CUVs are built on a lighter monocoque chassis, similar to those found in sedans. They are taller than hatchbacks, but they lack the interior room and space of minivans.

Pickup and Jeep

A pickup truck is one of the most well-known automobiles in the world. It stands out from other cars thanks to its distinctive design. Its cargo room is fully separated from its passenger space, and it can only seat 3 or 4 people at a time.

Jeep is similar to Kleenex. It's a product model that's become associated with a whole series of products. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles designs and manufactures Jeep as a model. The Jeep first appeared in November 1940, just as the United States was about to enter WWII. Because of their capacity to move over various terrains, they were widely deployed throughout the war and following conflicts.

Chrysler purchased the Jeep brand in 1987 and has continued to develop its model line ever since. While the classic look is still popular, Chrysler also created the Cherokee SUV.

Subcompact Cars

As the name implies, subcompact cars have cargo and internal space mixed with four or five doors. It is a spacious car with seating for four or five people. The extent of these autos is usually between 3900 and 4200 mm. Many firms are producing premium subcompact vehicles at a reasonable price. Peugeot 208, Opel Corsa, and other subcompact automobiles are among the best on the market.

Automobiles for the family

A Family automobile is a more spacious variant of any regular saloon or hatchback. This style of vehicle is perfect for families with multiple members. Because of the vehicle's size, it may be difficult to maneuver in tight spaces; thus, it is recommended that you do a test drive before purchasing it.

These automobiles come in a variety of styles and can comfortably seat five to six people, with engines ranging from 1.4 to 2.5 liters. Volkswagen Golf, Toyota Auris, and more popular models are available.

Estate Cars

Estate automobiles, often known as station wagons, are a type of sedan or saloon with a roof extension that extends rearward. Some of the types of caravans on the market are two-door wagons, full-size wagons, and all-steel wagons. The station wagon has a two-box configuration and a wide load compartment.

Though the cabs have a system similar to that of a hatchback, the carriages are substantially longer, allowing for more cargo room. These vehicles are designed to be pleasant, and the interiors may be modified using fold-down rear seats to suit the passengers' needs.

Grand Tourers

Grand tourers, abbreviated as GT, are a sort of sports car that is powerful, huge, and more extended. The car's design is intended to provide luxury as well as excellent performance. With a 2+2 or two-seater configuration, it's ideal for long-distance driving at high speeds. This is a car that gives you a thrill while also keeping you comfortable and giving you enough horsepower to travel continents. Some prominent grand tourers include the Lexus SC 300/400 and the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti.

Muscle Cars

Muscle cars are mid-sized automobiles with powerful V8 engines. They have a rear-wheel-drive system that is both inexpensive and minimal in weight. These mass-produced cars are popular in the United States and Australia. These vehicles typically have two doors; however, some manufacturers offer four-door models as well. Muscle vehicles include the Ford Falcon, Ford Torino, and Pontiac GTO, to name a few.

Classification of the Types of Cars

Numerous factors can be used to classify cars, and the most basic ones are listed below.

Body Type

The style and look of the car's body is an important factor in distinguishing it. Convertibles, coupes, hatchbacks, minivans, crossovers, and other vehicles fall under this category.


Vehicles are also classified based on the features they come with. This group includes subcompact automobiles, green cars, small cars, muscle cars, and luxury cars, to name a few.


Some cars are divided into subcategories according to their average size. Microcars, small cars, mid-size vehicles, and extra-large cars are a few examples.

Type of Fuel

Vehicles that are classified according to the type of fuel they utilize include diesel automobiles, electric cars, natural gas cars, hydrogen cars.


This is a group of vehicles that are classified into categories based on their intended usage. Commercial automobiles, family automobiles, exotic automobiles, racing automobiles, and sports automobiles are some of the notable uses of cars.


There are a few high-profile cars out there too. Luxury cars include limousines, range rovers, and much more.

Types of Cars

About The Author

Charles Redding

Charles Redding

I've spent many years selling cars, working with auto detailers, mechanics, dealership service teams, quoting and researching car insurance, modding my own cars, and much more.

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