What’s the Function of a Tire Valve Cap?
A tire valve cap is a little metal or plastic part that’s added to your valve stem. The cap protects the Schrader valve against dirt, debris, water, grease, and ice.
It also provides an airtight seal by preventing air from escaping from a leaking Schrader valve. The Schrader valve is the part with a threaded valve stem core to keep the air in your tires.
Most valve caps are fitted with a rubber seal or washer to prevent the cap from becoming loose and falling off because of vibrations. It acts as a cushion between the valve stem and the cap. Nonetheless, modern caps have a soft plastic meant for protection and don’t come with a seal.
A missing valve cap means that the Schrader valve is exposed to moisture and dirt, which could contaminate the sealing surfaces, causing a leaking valve and causing the tire to lose air. Furthermore, a missing cap makes it difficult to inflate the tire.
How Tight Should the Tire Valve Caps Be?
Tire valve caps should not be screwed too tightly or too loose. Screwing them too tightly might damage the valve stem, and you risk losing them while driving with loose cups. Caps should be finger-tight in a way that you can easily loosen or tighten them.
When replacing your valve caps, place it on the valve and make a half a turn counterclockwise to get the cap inserted along the stem thread. Turn the cap clockwise; you should feel it tighten as the threads catch on.
Continue tightening the valve cap with your finger until it’s at the base.
How Do Tire Caps Go Missing?
Tire caps are tiny and are easy to overlook. Over time, the cap can become loose and worn with driving, and they may fall off.
Debris or rock can also knock the caps off. Sometimes your mechanic can forget to put the tire caps back on after performing tire maintenance or filling your tires. Forgetting to tighten the cap when in a hurry to inflate tires and excessive vibrations can cause the cap to fall off.
It’s essential to check your tire caps are on every time you get your tires inflated.
What Should You Do if the Valve Cap is Missing?
A valve cap acts as an extra seal in case the valve leaks, and a missing cap may lead to a flat tire over time.
If your tire valve cap is missing, you must press the valve core to release air before adding or checking air pressure. Use a tool to push the tire valve until you get a hissing sound. You may need to repeat this a few times to clear enough air.
That ensures the compressed air inside blows out any dirt/debris from the Schrader valve.
What Happens When You Have a Missing Cap?
A missing tire cap makes the Schrader valve is now exposed to road elements like dirt, water, and other things. Over time, the valve might become damaged or dirty, leading to air leaking from the tire.
Although your tire won’t immediately go flat if the cap is removed, you may notice a decrease in tire pressure over time, albeit slowly.
Tire wear rate increases as air escapes. Additionally, the tire’s internal structure increases in temperature with low tire pressure when driving at high speed. That can lead to a blowout or extensive tire repairs.
Tire pressure loss also causes your car to consume more fuel. That’s because under-inflated tires make the vehicle harder to move. You’ll require extra fuel to accelerate.
Can You Still Drive With a Missing Valve Cap?
There’s a misconception that driving with a missing cap could lead to a flat tire. However, the cap’s primary function is to keep dirt and moisture out. The valve is responsible for preventing any air from leaving the tire.
Having the cap on prevents the tire from losing air all at once if the valve is damaged.
That means you can still drive your vehicle before you get the missing cap replaced.
However, you should note that the tire will deflate over time due to pressure. Avoid driving for long hours if you have a missing cap, which may further damage your tire. Replacing the valve cap only costs a fraction compared to the amount you may spend on tire repairs or a new set of tires.
Can You Replace a Valve Cap?
Tire valve caps are universal, but you may find car companies with specific valve caps for their car models. Check if your company manufactures valve caps to ensure that they fit your tires.
It’s simple to replace a valve cap. The process will take you a few minutes.
Here’s what you need to do:
- Start by rotating the tires to ensure the tire cap is upside down.
- Spray a lubricant on the cap tire and use pliers to grasp the base of the valve cap stem.
- Replace the cap after inflating your tire.
About The Author
I've spent many years selling cars, working with auto detailers, mechanics, dealership service teams, quoting and researching car insurance, modding my own cars, and much more.Read More About Charles Redding